OS Textbooks

Occupational Science: The Evolving Discipline


Zemke, R., & Clark, F. (1996). Occupational Science: The Evolving Discipline (1st ed.). F A Davis Co.

“Occupational Science: The Evolving Discipline presents the most current and comprehensive information on the development of occupational science. This exciting resource offers stimulating ideas about occupation and its implications for health and occupational therapy practice.

The papers in this book, most of which are from presentations at the Occupational Science Symposia, reflect an extensive range of perspectives. Presentations by Stephen Hawking, Jane Goodall, and Mary Catherine Bateson are included, as well as other invited and peer-reviewed presentations. In these papers, experienced scholars share their ideas, hypotheses, and preliminary research, tying together the theory behind the study of occupational science.

Each section of the book begins with a detailed introduction in which Zemke and Clark describe the relationship of each paper to the study of occupational science.

This unique text provides an understanding of occupation that will give therapists a heightened concern for those activities in which their patients invest their energies and time, a better understanding of how participation in occupation shapes self-identity, a way to identify the motivating factors for participation in occupation, and knowledge of how patients can enhance their life opportunities.”

Occupation By Design: Building Therapeutic Power


Pierce, D. (2003). Occupation By Design: Building Therapeutic Power (First ed.). F.A. Davis Company.

“This engaging, user-friendly text guides occupational practitioners and students toward creatively designing and implementing occupation-based interventions for people with disabilities. The book covers the three primary proficiencies: understanding occupation in context, developing design skills, and applying occupation in practice. This innovative approach focuses on the interactive process of designing client-centered interventions, building a bridge between occupational science, and its application in occupational therapy.

"After briefly looking over the book, it appears to be a great book for a basic OT theory course or intro course." -- Claudia Miller, MHS, OTR/L, Cincinnati State College, Cincinnati, Ohio

"This is a good (very good!) text. It will help us introduce the philosophical and theoretical notions of occupation (as process and outcome) when students enter as freshmen and then continue to reinforce these concepts throughout the time they are in the OT program." -- Jacquelyn Bolden, PhD, OTR/L, Florida A & M University,Tallahassee, Florida”

Occupation & Practice in Context


Whiteford, G., & Wright-St Clair, V. (2004). Occupation & Practice in Context (1st ed.). Churchill Livingstone Australia.

“Occupation and Practice in Context is a new book written for students and professionals struggling to understand and address the multiple contextual influences that affect their everyday work. Based on complexity theory, which describes the inter-connectedness of human systems, this book examines the contextual forces that shape interactions with clients and consumers, whatever the setting or environment. The use throughout the book of detailed case studies, chapter objectives, key point summaries and further reading suggestions ensures that Occupation and Practice in Context will be an important guide for student and practitioners alike, helping to clarify the complex contextual issues factors influencing practice.

  • A unique and comprehensive approach to the critical analysis of the profession
  • Contributions from an international team of well-known academics and practitioners
  • Relevant to changing practice settings and demands
  • Appraises a range of strategic responses for the profession in ensuring relevancy and responsiveness
  • Provides a basis for critical and reflective practice”

Transformation Through Occupation: Human Occupation in Context


Watson, R., & Swartz, L. (2004). Transformation Through Occupation: Human Occupation in Context (1st ed.). Wiley.

“This book is based on learning grounded in actual experience and introduces the perspective of practice-orientated to developing, rather than developed, contexts. The focus remains on the ordinary things that people do on a daily basis and how this impacts their health, well-being, and total existence. Examples are provided of the writers' professional beliefs, values, and convictions in action.”

Occupational Therapy Without Borders


Kronenberg, F., Algado, S. S., & Pollard, N. (2005). Occupational Therapy Without Borders - Volume 1: Learning From The Spirit of Survivors (Occupational Therapy Essentials) (1st ed.). Churchill Livingstone.

“Read about justice in everyday practice; austerity across the world and how it affects people's lives; the impact of neoliberalism on health systems; eco-social occupational therapy; evaluation in community-based practice and many more in the new edition of Occupational Therapies without Borders, edited by Dikaios Sakellariou and Nick Pollard! A thought-provoking book, with 67 chapters and 150 authors from all over the world writing about the social and political aspects of the occupation. This book aims to inspire occupational therapy students and practitioners to include transformational elements in their practice.

The new edition of this landmark international work builds on the previous two volumes, offering a window into occupational therapy practice, theory, and ideas in different cultures and geographies. It emphasizes the importance of critically deconstructing and engaging with the broader context of occupation, particularly around how occupational injustices are shaped through political, economic, and historical factors.”

Occupational Science in the Service of Gaia: An Essay Describing a Possible Contribution of Occupational Scientists to the Solution of Prevailing Global Problems

https://www.academia.edu/20575457/Occupational_Science_in_the_Service_of_GAIA_A_study_of_the_Impact_of_Human_Occupational_Behavoir_on_Global_Issues_of_our_Time (Free by Author on Academia.edu)

Ikiugu, M. N. (2008). Occupational Science in the Service of Gaia: An Essay Describing a Possible Contribution of Occupational Scientists to the Solution of Prevailing Global Problems. PublishAmerica.

“In recent years, the problems of environmental destruction and climate change have emerged into public awareness. Many policymakers and scientists have begun grappling with the problem of how to reverse those concerns. In this book, it is argued that environmental destruction and climate change are closely related to other global issues such as poverty, material inequalities, diseases, overpopulation, and institutional failures. All the above issues need to be addressed contemporaneously. Furthermore, they may be attributed to the performance of individuals as they pursue their daily occupations. Therefore, one way of solving the problems, in addition to governmental policies, is by educating individuals so that they change their occupational choices and performance patterns as they pursue their daily occupations, in such a way as to impact the global issues of concern positively. In the book, a framework to empower individuals to make the desired changes is suggested.”

Introduction to Occupation: The Art of Science and Living (2nd Edition)


Christiansen, C., & Townsend, E. (2009). Introduction to Occupation: The Art of Science and Living (2nd Edition) (2nd ed.). Pearson.

“The second edition of Introduction to Occupation: The Art and Science of Living, presents the latest knowledge about occupation so that each of us around the world may understand how to seize and harvest our days for health, well-being, happiness and the development of more just and peaceful societies.  Introduction to Occupation will appeal to any student, practitioner, researcher or educator with an interest in everyday life. Practical as well as conceptual, this book challenges readers to look beyond occupation as just “work” to include all the ways in which we occupy ourselves—showing how what we do forms our lifestyle, and how occupations are enfolded to create a balanced or unbalanced style of life. Broad in perspective, it explores both informal and formal ways for studying occupation, provides a model and framework for studying occupational development across the lifespan, and considers issues and insights surrounding a variety of ‘occupational’ topics.”

Occupational Science: Society, Inclusion, Participation


Whiteford, G. E., & Hocking, C. (2012). Occupational Science: Society, Inclusion, Participation (1st ed.). Wiley-Blackwell.

“Occupational Science: Society, Inclusion, Participation is a must-have resource for occupational therapists, occupational scientists, students, and researchers. The book begins with a comprehensive review of the current literature and the knowledge generated to date. Reasons for the field's limited impact are proposed, including its focus on individuals rather than groups and communities, its psychological view of occupation, and its narrow focus on socially approved occupations. Global realities such as poverty, anti-social behaviour, and aging populations are discussed and implications for action are considered.

The second section of the book comprises a series of chapters that address the philosophical, theoretical, and scientific bases that underpin and inform everyday decision-making in occupational therapy practice. This is followed by a section on methodological and structural considerations. The concluding chapter offers a critical reflection on methods, strategies, values, and relationships for the future, to achieve a relevant science that makes a difference to current occupational realities. Written by an internationally renowned team of contributors, this book offers a truly comprehensive critique of the field.”

Occupational Science for Occupational Therapy


Pierce, D. (2013). Occupational Science for Occupational Therapy (1st ed.). Slack Incorporated.

“Occupational Science for Occupational Therapy articulates how occupational science research produces unique insights into occupation and increases the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions. This text illustrates the four key types of knowledge now being researched in occupational science: descriptive, relational, predictive, and prescriptive. This text also offers a comprehensive review of occupational science’s history of emergence from the needs and interests of occupational therapy, conflicting origins and intents, and ongoing development as a discipline within academia.

In Occupational Science for Occupational Therapy, Dr. Doris Pierce and an outstanding group of occupational scientists explain how their discoveries build the science and support practice. A rich variety of methods and perspectives mark the work of these career scientists as they respond to the knowledge base needs of occupational therapy.

This fully evidence-based text also brings the research experience alive for occupational therapy students, describing the passions, challenges, and choices that are the reality of research as an occupation. All research chapters discuss how findings build both science and practice, including learning supports in which students can try out research activities, explore assessment, or develop interventions. Most importantly, Occupational Science for Occupational Therapy provides new and experienced practitioners a thorough exploration of the latest research in occupation-based practice.

Occupational Science for Occupational Therapy synthesizes key works by occupational scientists, including a foreword by Dr. Elizabeth Yerxa, founder of the science. Occupational therapy and occupational science students, practitioners, and faculty will especially appreciate this book’s comprehensive coverage of work by current leaders of research on occupation-based practice.”

An Occupational Perspective of Health, Third Edition 3rd Edition


Wilcock, A., & Hocking, C. (2014). An Occupational Perspective of Health, Third Edition (3rd ed.). SLACK Incorporated.

“For nearly 20 years, An Occupational Perspective of Health has been a valuable text for health practitioners with an interest in the impact of what people do throughout their lives.  Now available in an updated and much-anticipated Third Edition, this unique text continues the intention of the original publication: it encourages wide-ranging recognition of occupation as a major contributor to all people’s experience of health or illness. It also promotes understanding of how, throughout the world, “population health” as well as individual well-being is dependent on occupation.

At international and national levels, the role of occupation in terms of the physical, mental, and social health of all individuals and populations remains poorly understood and largely overlooked as an inevitable and constant factor. An Occupational Perspective of Health, Third Edition by Drs. Ann Wilcock and Clare Hocking, in line with directives from the World Health Organization (WHO), encourages practitioners of public health, occupational therapy and others to extend current thinking and practice and embrace a holistic view of how occupation and health interact.

Addressed in the Third Edition:

  • An  explanation of how individual and population health throughout the world is impacted by all that people do
  • A drawing together of WHO ideas that relate to health through occupation, and how people individually and collectively feel about, relate to others, and grow or diminish through what they do
  • A multidisciplinary orientation to promote health and reduce illness by increasing awareness and understanding of the impact of occupations across sleep-wake continuums throughout lifespans and communities

The connection of health and occupation is held to be fundamental, although ideas about both have altered throughout time as environments and cultures have evolved. To improve interdisciplinary understanding, An Occupational Perspective of Health, Third Edition explains the concepts of attaining, maintaining, or reclaiming population health through occupation.”

Meaningful Living across the Lifespan: Occupation-Based Intervention Strategies for Occupational Therapists and Scientists (Occupational Therapy for a Changing World)


Ikiugu, M. N., & Pollard, N. (2015). Meaningful Living across the Lifespan: Occupation-Based Intervention Strategies for Occupational Therapists and Scientists (Occupational Therapy for a Changing World). Whiting & Birch Ltd.

In this book, Ikiugu and Pollard explore the idea of meaningfulness. They show how occupation can be used in meaning-making to counter the 'disease of meaninglessness'.

In this book, Ikiugu and Pollard explore the notion of meaningfulness in the light of Viktor Frankl's assertions that the will for meaning is the primary motivation for behavior in human existence, and that the frustration of the pursuit of meaning in the modern and Western world constituted what he termed 'existential vacuum', leading in turn to what he called 'neogenic neurosis' or 'the disease of meaninglessness'. The authors then show how occupation can be used in meaning-making to counter the 'disease of meaninglessness'. Though the notion of meaningfulness is central to the book, the authors also explore the related concepts of purpose and engagement, and how they can be used in meaning-making.

Qualitative Research Methodologies for Occupational Science and Therapy


Nayar, S., & Stanley, M. (2016). Qualitative Research Methodologies for Occupational Science and Therapy (1st ed.). Routledge

“The push for evidence-based practice has increased the demand for high-quality occupational science and occupational therapy research from conceptualisation of the study through to publication. This invaluable collection explores how to produce rigorous qualitative research by presenting and discussing a range of methodologies and methods that can be used in the fields of occupational science and therapy.

Each chapter, written by an experienced researcher in the relevant methodology, includes examples of research, foundational knowledge and therapeutic applications. Including new and cutting-edge methodologies, the book covers

  • Qualitative Descriptive, Grounded Theory, Phenomenology, Narrative, Ethnography, Action Research, Case Study, Critical Discourse Analysis, Visual Methodologie, Meta-synthesis, Appreciative Inquiry, Critical Theory, and Philosophy

Designed for occupational science and occupational therapy researchers, this book develops the reader’s ability to produce and critique high-quality qualitative research that is epistemologically sound and rigorous.”

Perspectives on Human Occupation: Theories Underlying Practice


Hinjosa, J., Kramer, P., & Royeen, C.R. (2017). Perspectives on Human Occupation: Theories Underlying Practice (Second edition). F.A. Davis Company.

“Explore OT from multiple perspectives…from theory to practice. A who’s who of theorists, educators, and practitioners explores the concept of “occupation” and its role as the foundation for occupational therapy practice today. Each contributor explains the conceptual models, frameworks, paradigms, or theoretically-based guidelines that they have developed over many years of practice, experience, and research. Case studies at the end of each chapter illustrate how theory translates into real-world practice in the field.”

A Dictionary of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy


“Including over 600 A to Z entries, this original dictionary provides clear and succinct definitions of the terms used in the related and developing fields of occupational science and occupational therapy. Entries cover a broad range of topics from activities of daily living and autonomy to task-oriented approach and work-life balance and have a clear occupational focus. They provide an overview of the complex nature of human occupation and the impact of illness on

occupation and well-being. Descriptions and analysis are backed up by key theories from related areas such as anthropology, sociology, and medicine.

This is an authoritative resource for students of occupational science and occupational therapy, as well as an accessible point of reference for practitioners from both subject areas.”

Willard and Spackman's Occupational Therapy 13th Edition


Schell, B., & Gillen, G. (2018). Willard and Spackman’s Occupational Therapy (13th ed.). LWW.

“Celebrating 100 years of the Occupational Therapy profession, this Centennial Edition of Willard & Spackman’s Occupational Therapy continues to live up to its well-earned reputation as the foundational book that welcomes students into their newly chosen profession. Now fully updated to reflect current practice, the 13th Edition remains the must-have resource that students that will use throughout their entire OT program, from class to fieldwork and throughout their careers. One of the top texts informing the NBCOT certification exam, it is a must have for new practitioners.

Packed with first-person narratives that offer a unique perspective on the lives of those living with disease, this edition offers much that is new as it continues to help students and clinicians develop the knowledge and skills they need to apply a client-centered, evidence-based and culturally relevant approach across the full spectrum of practice settings.”

Social Occupational Therapy: Theoretical and Practical Designs


Lopes, R. E., & Malfitano, S. A. P. (2020). Social Occupational Therapy: Theoretical and Practical Designs (1st ed.). Elsevier.

“Worldview of social occupational therapy reinforces the importance of the field and underscores the growing practice and theoretical field for global occupational therapy.

In-depth analysis of social issues is incorporated throughout the text along with a detailed analysis of the potential contributions of occupational therapists to their societies.

Focus on the social role of occupational therapy highlights the role of occupational therapy as a social profession and prepares readers to respond to social issues.

Theoretical and practical chapters talk about occupational therapy and social challenges.

Emphasis on human rights and social issues reflects the World Federation of Occupational Therapists Minimum Standards for the Education of Occupational Therapists.”

And a Seed was Planted . . .’ Occupation based approaches for social inclusion: Volume 1: Theoretical Views and Shifting Perspectives 


Bruggen, V. H., Kantartzis, S., & Pollard, N. (2020). And a Seed was Planted . . .’ Occupation based approaches for social inclusion: Volume 1: Theoretical Views and Shifting Perspectives (Critical Studies in Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science). Whiting & Birch Ltd.

“Occupational therapy originated in social reform, but early in its history became allied with medicine, a biomedical perspective and a focus on individual health. Over the last two decades the profession has recognised the value of the work of its pioneers and argued for principles such as occupational justice and the right to health-promoting occupations, social inclusion, and for forms of involvement based in the community which centre around people doings things together for social change. In 'And a seed was planted...' Occupation based approaches for social inclusion the Editors have set out to show how these ideas are being put into practice internationally.

Contributors to the book come from across the world, including Europe, North and South America, India and Nepal, Southeast Asia, Japan, Africa and Australasia. Most chapters are written by multiple authors from different positions and perspectives. They report a range of innovative practices for social inclusion based around themes including:

Creating inclusive and sustainable communities, Social inclusion through occupation with refugees Social enterprise and occupational therapy, The transformative potential of urban gardening, Enabling citizen-researcher participation, Social participation of older persons, Formal and informal learning for social inclusion.

Theoretical views and shifting perspectives is the first volume of the three part set. Contributors draw on ideas such as critical theories and citizenship which until recently have been unfamiliar territory for occupational therapists, as well as exploring perspectives of practice from the global South, the viewpoints of service users, and expanding institutional and community practices.”

And a seed was planted. . .” Occupation based approaches for social inclusion: Volume 2: Inclusion Projects and Learning Experiences


Kantartzis, S., Pollard, N., & Bruggen, V. H. (2021). “And a seed was planted. . .” Occupation based approaches for social inclusion: Volume 2: Inclusion Projects and Learning Experiences (Critical Studies in Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science). Whiting & Birch Ltd.

“Occupational therapy originated in social reform, and then became allied with medicine and a biomedical. This work shows how the profession has recognised the value of the work of its pioneers, and now argues for principles such as occupational justice and the right to health-promoting occupations, social inclusion, and involvement in the community.”

Philosophy and Occupational Therapy: Informing Education, Research, and Practice


Taff, S. (2021). Philosophy and Occupational Therapy: Informing Education, Research, and Practice (1st ed.). Slack Incorporated.

“Philosophy and Occupational Therapy: Informing Education, Research, and Practice provides an overview of the most influential philosophical movements from past to present and shows how these philosophies are a foundational, yet underutilized, element of occupational therapy education, research, and practice.

Editor Steven D. Taff, PhD, OTR/L, FNAP, FAOTA, fills a gap in existing occupational therapy literature by exploring the major thinkers and concepts of numerous different philosophical movements and examining their implications. Taff and a multitude of chapter authors demonstrate that the vital points of human existence are found in philosophy as well as science, and that occupational therapy should incorporate a clearly articulated philosophical perspective into its evidence-based and measurement-driven paradigm. 

Each chapter offers a basic description of a philosophy, outlines major thinkers and concepts and ultimately summarizes the implications for occupational therapy education, research and practice. 

Philosophy and Occupational Therapy: Informing Education, Research, and Practice is a unique and essential book for occupational therapy educators, researchers, and clinicians that will enrich the teaching-learning process, ground research with depth and clarity, and spark discussion among professionals about reviving the use of philosophy in current occupational therapy practice.”

The Meaning of Everyday Occupation Third Edition


Hasselkus, B. R., & Dickie, V. A. (2021). The Meaning of Everyday Occupation (Third ed.). Slack Incorporated.

“Newly updated to address emerging directions in occupational therapy and occupational science, The Meaning of Everyday Occupation, Third Edition encourages occupational therapy personnel—students, educators, researchers, and practitioners—to recognize humans as occupational beings and to understand the meaning and significance of everyday occupation in day-to-day life.

Written by award-winning and internationally known authors Drs. Betty Risteen Hasselkus and Virginia Allen Dickie, the Third Edition explores the concept of meaning as it relates to occupation in daily life. Each chapter is augmented by the authors’ personal reflections, narratives from occupational therapists in practice, and quotations from participants in the authors’ occupational research, creating a text in which the concepts and theories of occupation and occupational therapy come alive for the reader.

Themes in the Third Edition include: Meaning in everyday life and its occupations, Space and place as sources of meaning, Culture in everyday occupation and in the context of therapy, Well-being and development through everyday occupation, Occupation as connection, Disability and occupation, Occupation and the human spirit,Everyday creativity

Emphasizing occupation as experience, the comprehensive Third Edition champions the contributions of meaning to a client-centered approach to practice. This brings forward a new understanding of how to therapeutically affect the systems in which we all live and work.”

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